Skip to content

Canadian Urbanism Uncovered

Fredericton Junction and New Brunswick’s Route 101

Read more articles by

Clarendon Falls, underneath Route 101

Why am I writing an article on nature and rural environments for an urban affairs website? For one, urbanism is not confined to large cities. The appeal of walkable downtowns and attractive neighbourhoods applies to smaller towns and communities. These were highlighted in my earlier article on McAdam, New Brunswick and in a consulting firm’s report on Millinocket, Maine.

For many smaller towns and communities which are struggling, a connection to natural surroundings can be key in attracting tourists (who support local businesses) and in attracting new residents who want an alternative to big city life and enjoy outdoor activities. Urbanist and author, Richard Florida, in speaking on Anchorage, Alaska, highlighted proximity to nature as an attraction for some members of the creative class.

Where my previous article was about McAdam, New Brunswick, this article will focus on another area of rural New Brunswick near the province’s capital city of Fredericton, Route 101 which includes the villages of Tracy and Fredericton Junction and a variety of rural communities.

The photos in this article were taken over the course of three trips in the area, hence the difference in seasons (no, Fredericton Junction is not subject to weather changes that are that rapid!).

NOTE: The Village of Fredericton Junction is not to be confused with the City of Fredericton, the latter which is the province’s capital city.

Fredericton Junction and the Outdoor Art Gallery…

Fredericton Junction was given its name in 1869 for its position on the railway, where the Fredericton Branch Railway (which ran to Fredericton) met with the European and North American railway. Fredericton Junction was a destination for people from the City of Fredericton to take the Via Rail train until it was discontinued in the 1980s.

As of the 2011 census, Fredericton Junction has a population of 752 people. Fredericton Junction serves as a hub for the area along with the adjoining village of Tracy which has a population of 611 according to the 2011 Canadian census.

Fredericton Junction’s railway heritage is evident in the village centre as seen with the display railcar below.

Railcar Display, Fredericton Junction

The Village’s Sunbury Diner offers local and freshly made food, another attraction of the village centre.

Sunbury Diner, Fredericton Junction
Sunbury Diner, Fredericton Junction

Fredericton Junction lies along the North Branch Oromocto River with a waterfront park where one can view the rapids. In close proximity to this is Currie House museum which features an outdoor art gallery. This art gallery made for some interesting snowshoeing in the winter.

One of the many outdoor works of art at Currie House in Fredericton Junction
One of the many outdoor works of art at Currie House in Fredericton Junction

Fredericton Junction is located within the Oromocto River Watershed. This area of rivers and tributaries features numerous waterfalls which makes for scenic hikes. Fredericton Junction, with a relatively walkable downtown and a distinct heritage, offers a potential to be a hub of this area for hikers and outdoor enthusiasts. The Village Tracy, also with a discernable village centre, has the same potential.

Other attractions of Fredericton Junction and the Route 101 area include Fredericton Junction’s Come Home Week festival, fishing, and U-Picks like Halls Apple Orchard.

Rural areas and small towns and communities face serious challenges, and residents may not want too much growth which would change the character of these communities, but nonetheless beautification and walkability of village centres along with promoting proximity to nature are priorities for planners and local politicians to keep in mind.

For many rural communities, villages, and towns, proximity to natural surroundings, as an attraction for tourists and new residents, can be a key economic asset. A walkable and aesthetically pleasing village or town centre can be a plus in this regard.

Kirkpatrick Family Trail…

One of the nature hikes along Route 101 near Fredericton Junction and Tracy is the Kirkpatrick Family Trail. This is a private property open to the public which features the South Branch Oromocto Falls. I had a great conversation with the owner of this property who stopped his truck to speak to me, we talked about the trails, the waterfall, and about fishing.

There was another experience of New Brunswick hospitality when I lost my watch near the waterfall while maneuvering along the rocks. In a conversation with someone enjoying the South Branch Oromocto Falls, I offhand mentioned that I lost my watch and that my car (as it was not an SUV) was parked some distance away as, closer to the property, the road was dirt and gravel.

On my way back, I found my watch attached to my windshield wiper. Not only had this person found my watch, but he went out of his way to go back to my car and leave it in a place I would easily find it.

The hospitality and friendliness of people is another plus to this area and to New Brunswick.

Individual who found my watch and put it on my car where I could easily find it, New Brunswick hospitality.
Individual who found my watch and put it on my car where I could easily find it, New Brunswick hospitality.

The South Branch Oromocto Falls (photo below) is one of the attractions on the Kirkpatrick Property. The falls are viewable from a look out or one can take a trail down closer to them.

The South Branch Oromocto Falls, on the Kirkpatrick Family Trail
The South Branch Oromocto Falls, on the Kirkpatrick Family Trail

The Kirkpatrick Family trail also features tree stump art.

A - Art
Tree stump art on the Kirkpatrick Family Trail

Ragged Ass Falls…

Ragged Ass Falls is a multi-tiered waterfall, another of the waterfalls located in the Oromocto River watershed. Ragged Ass Falls is located near the South Branch Oromocto Falls. Also, yes, Ragged Ass is the real name and yes I can type “ass” in this context without it being a swear word. The jagged rocks and multi-tiered falls offers an opportunity for those who want to climb to the different tiers of the waterfall (and can be careful about slippery and jagged rocks).

Swimming holes and multi-tiered falls, Ragged Ass Falls
Swimming holes and multi-tiered falls, Ragged Ass Falls

Route 101 and the New Brunswick countryside…

There is a lot of scenic countryside along Route 101 and along country roads adjoining it. One can see rolling hills, farms, forests and, a signature of rural New Brunswick, covered bridges.

Boyne Road, Hills. Hoyt, NB, near Route 101.
Boyne Road, Hills. Hoyt, NB, near Route 101.
Covered Bridge on Boyne Road. Hoyt, NB.
Covered Bridge on Boyne Road. Hoyt, NB.

The Village Centre and the Rural…

One thing to note, these places are accessible primarily by car. Is there opportunities for tour buses of some kind or better transit for tourists and people from nearby Fredericton and Saint John (without a car) who would like to check out these sights?

New Brunswick’s Fundy National Park lacks transit access which makes it difficult to access for backpackers who do not own a car.

In considering the future of small towns and communities, their proximity to natural surroundings, and the integration of a walkable town or village centre as a hub for the area, are key in considering the future of rural areas and small communities. Promoting vibrant and walkable community centres as hubs for hikers, tourists, and residents in the area is a potential area of economic growth.

Hassan Arif is a PhD candidate in urban sociology at the University of New Brunswick in Fredericton. You can follow him on twitter: @HassanNB and facebook:



  1. very good commentary. Thank you. I grew up in Tracy/ Fredericton Junction. Planning to go back after retirement.

  2. Thank you Alice, glad you enjoyed the article. It’s a great place, I enjoy visiting that area.

  3. A beautiful area as you mentioned. I too grew up in Fton. Jct. I have always felt it was the people that made the place unique and a desirable place to live and or visit!
    A well written article. An enjoyable read.

  4. Thanks for the kind words Roger.

  5. I enjoyed the article. Have lived in Tracy all of my life and would like to see more articles about the area and rural life in general. Good job.

  6. I have had the chance to visit both Tracy and Fredericton Junction on many occasions and have recently decided that Tracy is where I would like to buy my retirement home. We’ve been looking online and found some awesome deals. I hope to be able to take advantage of one of those deals very soon. Your article was a nice read. Thank you.

  7. A beautifully written article. I left Fredericton junction when I was 17 and returned 3 years ago at 60. Would you believe most of the places you have in your Article are places that I have either forgot about or never knew existed. I have learned from you and I will be visiting all of the places you mentioned in due time this summer. Thanks for the refresher course of the area that I grew up in.

    1. Thank you for the kind words, I’m glad my article helped you rediscover your hometown 🙂

  8. This is a great article Hassan. There is much more to see from all of the communities in the area. I’m so proud to represent them all as MLA.

    1. Thanks for the kind words, there are many great spots – communities and natural landscapes – in your riding.

  9. Great article Hassan. I grew up playing in the Oromocto river but had no idea there were such beautiful falls in the area.
    I’ll be heading back that way this summer and will definitely try to find them!

  10. This was a great article on a place that I love so much. While I’ve lived out in Edmonton, Alberta for the past 37 years, Fredericton Junction will always be my home, it’s like no other place in the world. You captured it’s flavour and the generosity of the people of the area. When I tell people about growing up in a small village in New Brunswick, they often want to know what the people are like. I always tell them to a Maritimer, there are no such things as strangers, only friends you haven’t met yet. I thought this was an awesome article and I will be sharing this with many who want to know where I grew up.

  11. The oromocto river watershed association of which I am the president is committed to save and protect .we have built 12 adventure trails for citizens to enjoy. Last year we had 29,500 visitors. These special places must be shared with all .what a place to live and enjoy.
    Thanks for your great article and support.
    Robin Hanson

  12. Great article Hassan! I went to school in Fredericton Jct at Sunbury West High School and growing up in Hoyt ,which as you know is only 10 or 12 miles down the road was great ! I was on the cross country team and we would always run after school and this was usually a 5 mile run under coach Doug Thibault, then I would run home after that ! As you well know I couldn’t do that now Hassan ! Your pictures were great as well as the article , but knowing you I would not expect anything different and congrats on passing your Bar exam !

  13. Great artical , there’s just something about this area of new Brunswick and the country side and the drive . I fish in Fredericton junction all the time and it’s just a nice peacefull place . Love it .

  14. They say it takes a community to raise a child & having grown up in Fredericton Jct. I can honestly say this is true. The person I am today has a lot to do with the folks I was exposed to during my childhood & the values they held. It was a great place to grow up, we could explore with relative safety, use our imagination & make our own fun. I have lived in Ontario for the better part of 48 years but the Jct will always be my home. I enjoyed your article very much & it made me want to go back to revisit the serenity of my favorite places & enjoy some of the trails that are new to me. Thank you so much for the trip down memory lane.

  15. Hello Ali, I just stumbled upon this post. How nice. My parents bought the house that is now known as Currie House around 1959. I started grade 10 living in that house and had that amazing back yard. When my parents could no longer manage such a large property the sold it to the community of Fredericton Junction. Since then, Robin Hanson has installed a number of lovely wooden sculptures in the woods, for which I thank him.
    And I thank you for featuring the Junction and surrounds in your posting.

    1. Thank you for your kind words and for your story about your house, which is now Currie House.

  16. And I saw a picture of the beloved Bell Bridge–just lost to high water this year.